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HOW DO WE INTERPRET OUR KNOWLEDGE?
external image GLV7s.jpgLogical Fallacy Example.jpg
An investigation introducing two Ways of Knowing: Reason and Emotion
It has been said that man is a rational animal. All my life I have been searching for evidence which could support this.Bertrand Russell (1950)

[Emotion] has the advantage of being open to all, the weak and the lowly, the illiterate and the scholar. It is seen to be as efficacious as any other method and is sometimes said to be stronger than the others, since it is its own fruition, while other methods are means to some other ends.
Bhagavad Gita
Essential Questions
IB SUBJECT GUIDE (IBO, 2006) QUESTIONS:
REASON
NATURE OF REASON
REASON AND KNOWLEDGE
STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF REASON
REASON LINKING QUESTIONS
EMOTION
NATURE OF EMOTION
EMOTION AND KNOWLEDGE
EMOTION LINKING QUESTIONS

WEEK
TOPIC
ACTIVITIES/ RESOURCES
RESOURCES
1
Logic
Hypothetical-Deductive Game (Dombrowski p81) or Scissors game presentation and discussion

Argument construction- terminology and logic-

This could be extension task
The IB Genie (Dombrowski pp65-7) illustration of how reason reveals new knowledge.
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2

The Problems of Logic

What is induction? When do we use it? When does it let us down? Mathematical induction. How induction works in Science. Induction versus deduction:

Testing inductive arguments:
The problem of induction - jumping to conclusions based on insufficient evidence- this exercise illustrates how we often jump to conclusions on the basis of insufficient evidence. In the same way, there is no hard and fast rule about how many observations must be made before we can make a generalisation.

Problems of traditional logic (see Abel p52-7).

3
Emotion
Starter: Class constructs cloud of emotion words.
Read short storyby Li Xun (1920), identify emotions of participants
Discuss classification of emotions
Emotional collage activity - creative projects, each student illustrates an emotion. Peer assessment.
4
What is Emotion?
The Heart has its Reasons audio programme (30 min) - students' preparation for this topic. Write notes.
Mindmap: How do we interpret our knowledge? Begin with Reason and Emotion branches. Whole class activity online or poster.
Emotion and knowledge: Emotions- nature or nurture? Do emotions cause physical changes? or do physical symptoms cause emotions?
Emotion- does it act as an obstacle to knowledge?
5
Reason vs Emotion
The role of reason in decision-making: Radiolab podcast "Choice" (1 hour) - student HW to listen to it.
The role of emotion in decision-making: Does emotion play any part in choosing a breakfast cereal?: Radiolab podcast 'Overcome by emotion'

What is intuition? What is introspection? When do we disregard explanations we find intuitively appealing?


Watch Twelve Angry Men

Optional Tangent on Intuition (If Time)
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6
Essay task
Intuition-Way of Knowing?



'A mind all logic is like a knife all blade. It makes the hand bleed that uses it.'


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